"Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control."
art.25 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948
4 billion people does not have access to basic services
High revenues : more than 60$/day
Middle class : 10 à 60$/day
mostly urban, with access to basic services, in a very competitive formal economy
"Base of the Pyramid ( BoP )", it is the four billion women, men, children, living with the lowest incomes, ie : the "poor".
Major part of them live in rural areas, in a low competitive informal economy.
All or part of the goods/basic services (food, health, housing, etc. ) are inaccessible (distribution challenge ) or unaffordable purchasing power challenge).
The effects of climate change significantly worsen this situation
BOP : less than 10$/day
although solutions exist
Humanity is ingenious
we know how to produce medicines, quality food, bioclimatic buildings , renewable energy, non-violent education , etc.
Humanity is rich
It generally has very substantial financial resources :
$ 233,000 billion
Humanity knows how to transmit
We know how to train in techniques, entrepreneurship, fundraising, management , etc.
.. these technical solutions , and human and financial resources are monopolized by the top of the pyramid...
let's "bop" them !
do U wanna BOP ?
neologism meaning " create , adapt, develop specific solutions for the BoP population "
Entrepreneurs create, adapt, broadcast solutions specially dedicated to meet the basic needs of BoP.
These services are "well" designed :
- sober ( undemanding material, low-carbon , recycling )
- simple / agile
Above all, to be sustainable and accessible quickly, they must be:
- fairly exchanged (balance contribution/reward)
eg : not "meet my needs for me", but "give me the means to meet them by myself "!
eg : not "give me a lamp" but "I buy my solar lamp to a local entrepreneur as I have the means to do so"
An ecosystem around these "changemakers "
Public institutions are inspired, and create favorable conditions for the development of these services. They can thus focus on their sovereign prerogatives (law, security).
Investors (citizens, private and public) finance social projects with expectations of return on investment not just financial ( " co-benefits " ) .
BOPS is an initiative that aim at mobilizing, on a specific territory, social entrepreneurs, companies, citizen sector and public institutions in order to co-create, test, analyse and disseminate social-impact solutions
Creation of local task-forces
Territorial project lead
Identification and selection of stakeholders
due dilligence on BoP and social innovation
an affordable and sustainable building solution using local materials (earth, rocks), and a dissemination methodology based on local market.
BOPS was involved in co-creation of a value chain for this bioclimatic technology ; business planning, fundraising, management, training of market stakeholders, advocacy, due dilligence
verified impacts (since 2000) : 20,000 beneficiaries ;
2000 buildings (houses, schools, health-care centers) ; 400 builders trained ; in 700 cities & villages in west africa ; 2million€ of local market ; 55,000 tCO2eq saved
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to improve life of coastal populations with floatable solutions. Watever helps local communities to design and build their local solutions for fishing, transportation, health care. Local training is provided and R&D on biomaterials (such as bamboo and jute fiber).
BOPS was involved in strategy design and stakeholders mobilization
verified impacts : 1 shipyard in Chittagong (Bangladesh) ; 75 fishing boats ; 4 floating hospitals, 7200 children driven to school ; 30 local craftsmen trained to boat construction ;
Des solutions innovantes pour l'accès aux services de base des populations littorales du monde
a start-up dedicated to provide new offgrid offer : solar lanterns, solar kits and other green energy products "made in Africa". Lagazel is based in St Galmier (France) and Dédougou (Burkina Faso)
BOPS was involved in Business Plan, communication, technology transfer plan
verified impacts : first series currently in production
LAGAZEL - lighting everywhere
1,2 milliards de personnes n'ont pas accès à l'électricité dans le monde Photo : Christian Lamontagne
heard about BOPS
"Wonderful . (...) I think we have many things in common. First of all the desire to take action !
" BOPS has helped us to develop a vision and a common mission, structure our objectives and activities. We start together to mobilize human, technical and financial resources to scale up, with the aim of reversing the transport issue of coastal populations in Bangladesh ; and why not elsewhere !
Marc Van Peteghem, vplp & watever